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Design and Development of a Solar Water Purification System with Graphene-Plasmonic based Hybrid Nanocomposites: A Review

Author(s):

Hafiz Muhammad Asif Javed *, Muhammad Sarfaraz, Asif Mahmood , M. Zubair Nisar, Akbar Ali Qureshi*, Muhammad Azhar Khan, Peng Zhong and Yulong Liao  

Abstract:


Harvesting solar energy for water treatments has been considered a promising solution for the global community. The shortage of water is a great challenge for scientists due to the increased demand of population. However, the low efficiency of absorber materials is an obstacle in practical applications. In addition, state-of-the-art conventional technologies require optical concentrators and multiple component-based systems, leading to lower efficiency and higher cost. In this review, a low-cost, more reliable, less energy-intensive, and more eco-friendly solar water purification system based on graphene-plasmonic hybrid nanocomposite has been demonstrated. Graphene-plasmonic-based hybrid nanocomposite has been utilized to achieve pure water from wastewater. Such hybrid nanocomposites have the ability to clean polluted water very efficiently due to their excellent properties such as higher surface area, low concentration, and working ability. Furthermore, the development of a solar water purification system has been achieved through optimized hybrid nanocomposites.

Keywords:

Solar water purification system, graphene, plasmonic nanoparticles, localized surface plasmon

Affiliation:

Department of Physics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, 38000, Faisalabad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, COMSATS University Islamabad, Sahiwal Campus, Department of Physics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, 38000, Faisalabad, Department of Physics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, 38000, Faisalabad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, 60000, Department of Physics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100, School of Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, Xidian University, Xi’an 710126, Shaanxi, State Key Laboratory of Electronic Thin Film and Integrated Devices, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054



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