Gayatri Patel*, BinduKumari Yadav and Priya Patel
Background: The Covid-19 epidemic was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization in March 2020. It is difficult to foresee the future length and severity; it may be weeks, months, or even years that could deplete the energy and resources of the health care facilities and the providers as there is marginal to no pharmacological medication available to treat the Covid-19. Unless an effective pharmacological treatment such as medicines and vaccines is developed and released publicly, wearing protective face masks and protecting personal health and hygiene is merely a choice to avoid the Covid-19 spread. This review summarizes the background knowledge on the Covid-19 disease and currently available face masks for highly infectious disease primary prevention. According to recent studies onf Covid-19 prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, nanotechnologists have provided a revolutionary approach that involves both pharmacological and non-pharmacological steps, one of which is the use of nanofibers in facemasks and respirators.
Method: Various research carried out in the field of nano masks and patented reports based on the application of nano masks were reviewed.
Summary: The most recent developments of nanofibers, including research publications, patents, and commercial products in Covid-19 prevention, are extensively reviewed from scientific literature and appropriately represented in this study.
Covid-19 prevention, facemask design, nanofiber technology, respirator, capture efficiency
Department of Pharmaceutics & Pharmaceutical technology Ramanbhai Patel College of Pharmacy, Gujarat 388421, Department of Pharmaceutics & Pharmaceutical technology Ramanbhai Patel College of Pharmacy, Gujarat 388421, Department of Pharmaceutics & Pharmaceutical technology Ramanbhai Patel College of Pharmacy, Gujarat 388421