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Sm Doped ZnO Nanowires@PAN Nanofibrous Membranes for Photocatalytic Degradation of Dye

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Jie Fan, Dong-Yuan Cao, Tian-Di Pan, Zhao-Peng Xia* and Yong Liu*   Pages 56 - 63 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Wastewater involving a lot of contaminants like organic dyes from the textile finishing industry causes a greater adverse impact on human beings. There are many patents on nanofibers involved metallic oxides, this paper studies photocatalytic degradation of free-pollution Zinc Oxide (ZnO) nanomaterials on dye decontamination.

Objective: Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibrous membranes loaded with Zinc Oxide (ZnO) nanowires were fabricated and evaluated for photocatalytic degradation.

Methods: In this work, Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibrous membranes loaded with ZnO seeds were prepared by electrospinning PAN/Zn (Ac)2 solution followed by a thermal decomposition process. ZnO nanowires were hydrothermally grown on the surface of PAN nanofibers. The effects of the ratio of PAN and zinc acetate in a solution, decomposition temperature and ammonia (NH4OH) on the morphologies of ZnO nanowires were observed. ZnO nanowires showed the optimum morphologies when the ratio of PAN/Zn (Ac)2 was 10:1.5. The decomposition temperature was 150oC, and NH4OH was added in the hydrothermal reaction. The photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine B solution under UV irradiation was used as a model reaction. The photodegradation ability of the ZnO @PAN membrane doped with cerium (Sm) was also investigated.

Results: Slight Sm doping increased the photocatalytic degradation rate from 57% to 89% under ultraviolet light irradiation for 2h. After 5 times of cycling under the same conditions, it still maintained the dye decolorization rate that was above 65%.

Conclusion: Sm doped ZnO nanowires @PAN nanofibrous membranes were easily produced and could provide a novel process for the degradation of dye decontamination.

Keywords:

Electrospinning, zinc oxide, nanowires, photocatalytic degradation, titanium oxide, chemical oxidation reactions.

Affiliation:

National Joint Engineering Research Center of High Performance Fibers and Textile Composites, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, National Joint Engineering Research Center of High Performance Fibers and Textile Composites, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, School of Textiles, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, National Joint Engineering Research Center of High Performance Fibers and Textile Composites, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, National Joint Engineering Research Center of High Performance Fibers and Textile Composites, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387

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