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Preparation and Characterization of CuO/ZnO/PVDF/PAN Nanofiber Composites by Bubble-electrospinning

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Fang Wei, Liu Ling and Xu Lan*   Pages 196 - 201 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Background: Nanocomposites loaded with metal oxides, such as CuO and ZnO, have excellent optical, electrical, mechanical and chemical properties, which result in their great potential applications in optoelectronic devices, sensors, photocatalysts and other fields. Especially, electrospun metal- oxide-loaded nanofibers have attracted much attention in many fields. However, the single-needle Electrospinning (ES) inhibits the industrial application of these electrospun nanofiber composites. Bubble-Electrospinning (BE) is an effective free surface ES for mass production of nanofiber membranes loaded with metal oxide. Few relevant patents to the topic have been reviewed and introduced.

Methods: The BE was used to prepare mass production of Cu(Ac)2 /Zn(Ac)2/ PVDF/ PAN Composite Nanofiber Membranes (CNFMs). Then PVDF/PAN CNFMs containing CuO and ZnO nanocrystals were obtained by heat-treatment. Finally, CuO nanosheets and ZnO nanorods were successfully grown on the surface of PVDF/PAN CNFMs using hydrothermal method. In addition, the morphology and crystal structure of CNFMs were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-Ray Powder Diffractometer (XRD).

Results: The morphology and crystal structure of the samples were characterized by SEM and XRD. The results showed the heat treatment temperature of 150oC and the hydrothermal temperature of 150oC were the optimal process parameters for the fabrication of PVDF/PAN CNFMs loaded with CuO and ZnO nanocrystals, and a higher heat treatment temperature results in higher crystallinity of ZnO and CuO.

Conclusion: CuO/ZnO/PVDF/PAN CNFMs were successfully prepared by a combination of BE, heattreatment and hydrothermal method. The ZnO/CuO beads obtained by heat treatment is the key point of growing ZnO/CuO nanocrystals, and the growth temperature has great effect on the morphology of ZnO/CuO nanocrystals.

Keywords:

Bubble-electrospinning, PAN, PVDF, acetone, DMF, CuO/ZnO nanocomposite.

Affiliation:

College of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, College of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, College of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123

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