Article Details


Nanoscale Layer Transfer by Hydrogen Ion-Cut Processing: A Brief Review Through Recent U.S. Patents

[ Vol. 11 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Benjamin T.-H. Lee   Pages 42 - 49 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: A hydrogen-based Ion-Cut layer-transfer technique, the so-called Ion-Cut or Smart-Cut processing, has been used in transferring a semiconductor membrane onto a desired substrate to reveal unique characteristics on a nanoscale size and to build functional electronic and photonic devices that are used for specific purposes. For example, the sub-100 nm thick silicon membrane transferred onto an insulator became a key substrate for fabricating nanoscale integrated circuit (IC) devices. Recent U.S. patents have exhibited integration of various thinning approaches requiring precision of a few nanometers in fabricating large-area semiconductor nanomembranes, especially for silicon. This paper reviews published patents and work on fabricating sub-100 nm silicon membranes with welldefined features without a chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP) thinning process. This included material analysis leads to ultraprecision thickness in the sub-100 nm region.

Methods: This paper combines an analysis of peer-reviewed articles and issued patents using focused review keywords of hydrogen implantation, wafer bonding, and layer splitting. The quality of selected patents was appraised based on the authors’ 20-year research experience in the field of ultrathin silicon layer-transfer technology.

Results: The paper covered more than 10 U.S. patents that have been filed on hydrogen-based Ion-Cut layer-transfer techniques. These patents described approaches for inserting hydrogen ions to split at a well-defined location and then transfer the as-split silicon membrane at the nanoscale thickness onto a desired substrate. Hydrogen-trap sites, implantation energy, and interface of the distinct doped regions could define the layer-split location. The insertion of high-dose hydrogen ions could be thoroughly achieved by ion implantation, plasma ion immersion implantation (PIII), plasma diffusion, and electrolysis.

Conclusion: The article concludes with the discussion of the patent-orientated review of layer-transfer techniques and makes some concrete suggestions for manufacturing the FDSOI substrate, the key material technology to fabricate nanoscale microelectronics for applications in artificial intelligence for “Industry 4.0.”

Keywords:

Hydrogen ion implantation, ion-cut process, layer splitting, layer transfer, nanomembrane, silicon on insulator, wafer bonding.

Affiliation:

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Central University, Taoyuan City

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